Diabetes Specialist

Modern Heart and Vascular Institute

Rajiv Agarwal, MD

Cardiovascular Specialist & Board Certified Cardiologist located in Humble, TX & Katy, TX

Nearly 3 million adults in Texas have diabetes, which is considered one of the major risk factors for the development of heart disease. Cardiovascular specialist Rajiv Agarwal, MD, at Modern Heart and Vascular Institute in Humble, TX, Katy, TX & Cleveland, TX, takes a preventive approach to heart health and specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of heart disease in people with diabetes. For expert cardiovascular care from an experienced physician, contact one of our offices by phone or online today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health condition that causes high blood sugar levels. The sugar in your blood, also called glucose, comes from the food you eat and serves as the primary source of energy for all the cells in your body. 

Your cells rely on a hormone called insulin, which is made in your pancreas, to get the sugar from the blood into the cell. If you have diabetes, either your pancreas isn’t making enough or any insulin at all (type 1 diabetes) or your insulin isn’t working like it should (type 2 diabetes).

Over time, the excess sugar in your blood damages your blood vessels and organs, leading to health complications, such as heart disease.  

What is the connection between diabetes and heart disease?

If you have diabetes, you’re 2-4 times more likely to die from heart disease than someone who doesn’t have diabetes. The American Heart Association considers diabetes to be one of the major controllable risk factors for heart disease. 

Your diabetes may damage your blood vessels and the nerves that control your blood vessels and heart, increasing your risk of developing heart disease. Additionally, your diabetes also increases your risk of developing high blood pressure and high cholesterol, which may contribute to changes in heart health. 

What can I expect during a diabetes consultation?

Dr. Agarwal takes a preventive approach to care and conducts a comprehensive evaluation to assess heart health. During your consultation, he reviews your medical and family history, the types of medications and supplements you take, and your general lifestyle habits. He then performs a physical exam.

To assess heart health and risk factors, he may request diagnostic testing, such as:

  • Bloodwork
  • Urinalysis
  • Echo-vascular stress test
  • CT scan
  • PET scan


He uses the information gathered during your consultation to develop your personalized treatment plan. 

How is heart disease in diabetes treated?

At Modern Heart and Vascular Institute, Dr. Agarwal takes a proactive approach to manage heart disease in diabetes. The specifics of your treatment plan may depend on your heart disease diagnosis, and may include:

  • Diet modification
  • Exercise program
  • Weight loss
  • Stress management program
  • Medication to control blood pressure or lower cholesterol
  • Help managing diabetes


If you have angina, which is a type of chest pain that may occur with coronary artery disease, Dr. Agarwal offers a noninvasive procedure, enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP), to reduce the frequency and intensity of your chest pain. 

Diabetes is a risk factor for heart disease. For comprehensive cardiovascular care, contact Modern Heart and Vascular Institute by phone or online today.