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Todo Lo Que Necesitas Saber Acerca De La Rehabilitación Cardíaca

Cardiac rehabilitation does not change a person’s past, but it can help improve their heart’s future.

Cardiac rehabilitation, or heart rehabilitation, is a personalized outpatient exercise and education program; a medically supervised program designed to improve the cardiovascular health of a patient who has had a heart attack, heart failure, angioplasty, or heart surgery.

While there are some cases of inpatient cardiac rehab, most cardiac rehab is outpatient.

Cardiac rehabilitation typically includes physical training, emotional support, and education about lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of heart disease, such as eating a heart-healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, and quitting smoking.

The goal of cardiac rehabilitation is to help the patient regain strength, prevent their condition from worsening, reduce the risk of future heart problems, and improve their health and quality of life.

Research has revealed that cardiac rehabilitation programs can reduce the risk of death from heart disease and decrease the chance of future heart problems.

The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology recommend cardiac rehabilitation programs.

Optimal cardiac rehabilitation consists of thirty-six one-hour sessions, including supervised team exercise training, education and skills development for heart-healthy living, and counseling on stress and other psychosocial factors.

¿Quién Puede Beneficiarse De La Rehabilitación Cardíaca?

Es una opción idónea para las personas con problemas cardíacos.

En particular, el paciente puede beneficiarse de la rehabilitación cardíaca si en su historial médico existe ataque al corazón, insuficiencia cardíaca, trasplante de pulmón o de corazón, o reparación o sustitución de válvula cardíaca.

Suponiendo que el paciente tenga antecedentes tales como:

  • Enfermedad arterial coronaria o periférica
  • Dolor de pecho (angina)
  • Miocardiopatía
  • Enfermedades cardíacas congénitas específicas
  • Cirugía de derivación coronaria
  • Angioplastia y stents
  • Hipertensión pulmonar

En tal caso, también puede beneficiarse de la rehabilitación cardíaca.

Riesgos De La Rehabilitación Cardíaca

Cardiac rehabilitation is not suitable for everyone with heart disease. Each patient’s doctor will evaluate his or her health, including reviewing his or her medical history, performing a physical exam, performing tests, and making sure he or she is ready to begin a cardiac rehabilitation program.

It is not common for people to suffer injuries, such as muscle strains or sprains, while doing physical activity as part of cardiac rehabilitation. The doctor will closely monitor the patient while he is doing physical activity to reduce that risk, and will teach him how to avoid injuries when he does physical activities on his own.

However, there is also a small risk of cardiovascular complications.

Preparación para la rehabilitación

If the person has had heart surgery, suffered a heart attack or other heart disease, we suggest asking the doctor about the possibility of enrolling in a cardiac rehabilitation program.

Health insurance and Medicare typically cover the costs of cardiac rehabilitation in the United States. Therefore, it is recommended that the patient talk to their insurance company to find out if their cardiac rehabilitation is included.

The doctor and patient will work together to establish the goals of the cardiac rehabilitation program and design a program that meets their needs. In some cases, an incident manager will continue your care and attention.

It may begin while the patient is in the hospital or, more often, as an outpatient. For some people an at-home program may work, especially at a certain time, such as in a pandemic.

Expectativas Durante Una Rehabilitación Cardíaca

Las primeras etapas de la mayoría de los programas de rehabilitación cardíaca suelen durar aproximadamente tres meses, pero algunas personas pueden seguir en el programa por más tiempo.

En situaciones especiales algunos pacientes pueden hacer un programa intensivo de varias horas al día el cual puede durar una o dos semanas.

Durante la rehabilitación cardíaca, es probable que el paciente trabaje con un equipo de profesionales sanitarios, como cardiólogos, enfermeras, especialistas en nutrición, especialistas en actividad física, especialistas en salud mental, y fisioterapeutas y terapeutas ocupacionales.

Lo Que Implica La Rehabilitación Cardíaca


    Healthcare personnel usually perform an initial evaluation to evaluate the patient’s physical activities, medical limitations, and other conditions they may have.

    Ongoing assessments can help staff track patient progress over time.

    During the evaluation, the doctor may discuss the patient’s risk factors for cardiac complications, especially during exercise. This evaluation can help staff tailor a cardiac rehabilitation program to the patient’s needs and make sure it is safe and effective for the patient.


    It can improve a person’s cardiovascular status through physical activity. The medical team will likely suggest low-impact exercises with lower risk of injury such as walking, biking, rowing, and running. Additionally, the program may include yoga, which benefits heart health.

    Typically, the patient should exercise at least three times a week. Medical staff will likely teach you proper exercise techniques, such as warming up and cooling down.

    Additionally, the patient can perform muscle strengthening exercises, such as weight lifting or other resistance exercises, twice a week to improve muscle condition.

    Cardiac rehabilitation programs use various materials for resistance training of patients, such as treadmills, stair climbers, weights, rowers, ellipticals, stationary bicycles, and dumbbells.

    Additionally, swimming pools can benefit the physical conditioning of muscularly weakened patients.

    Healthcare providers use an initial symptom-limited stress test to determine a patient’s risk of cardiac events prior to exercise training. Additionally, they develop an exercise prescription based on the results of the stress test, and include the type, intensity, time, duration, and frequency of exercise.

    Don’t worry if you’ve never exercised or done any physical activity in the past, your doctor can make sure the program progresses comfortably and safely for you.


    Cardiac rehabilitation also involves support and education about healthy lifestyle changes, such as following a heart-healthy diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and quitting smoking.

    Healthy lifestyle education can include managing diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, and obesity. Additionally, it is common for the patient to have the opportunity to ask questions about issues such as sexual activity.

    Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with cardiovascular diseases.

    This affectation is due to the side effects of some medications, the presence of other risk factors such as diabetes, smoking, or hypertension, and psychological factors such as depression, anxiety, and the fear of triggering a heart attack during treatment. intercourse.

    Sexual activity is a vital component of quality of life. Therefore, it is essential to provide sexual counseling to patients during cardiac rehabilitation sessions.

    It is important to mention that the patient must continue taking the medications prescribed by his doctor.

    Adjusting to a serious health problem often takes time; For example, the person may feel depressed or anxious. If you feel depressed, don’t ignore it. Depression can complicate your cardiac rehabilitation program and disrupt your relationships and other aspects of your life and health.

    Counseling can help you learn healthy ways to cope with depression and other feelings. Your doctor may also suggest that you take an antidepressant or other medication.

    Although it can be challenging to start a cardiac rehab program when you don’t feel well, it will benefit you in the long run.

    Cardiac rehabilitation can help you rebuild your physical and emotional life, you will get stronger and learn to control your condition; Later you will return to your routine with new eating and physical activity guidelines.

    Your chances of success in cardiac rehabilitation depend primarily on you. Therefore, the more dedication you have and stick to the program’s recommendations, the more successful you will be and the more likely you will feel better than before your heart disease or surgery.

    Participation in a cardiac rehabilitation program may reduce the risk of cardiac death and hospital readmissions; as well as improve functional status, quality of life, and mood.

    Cardiac rehabilitation programs have become an integral piece of the standard of care in contemporary cardiology. Currently, cardiovascular societies around the world present cardiac rehabilitation as a first-class recommendation.

Instituto Modern Heart & Vascular

  • Para una atención cardiovascular integral, comuníquese con nosotros al Instituto Modern Heart & Vascular al teléfono 832-644-8930, o en línea hoy mismo. Tenemos citas para el mismo día disponibles para satisfacer las necesidades de nuestros pacientes.

    En el Instituto de Modern Heart & Vascular, nos esforzamos por dar prioridad a nuestros pacientes y brindarles todas las respuestas a sus dudas e inquietudes sobre condiciones cardíacas, salud del corazón, y la rehabilitación cardíaca.

    Somos el Instituto Modern Heart & Vascular, clínicas de cardiología de diagnóstico y medicina preventiva. Para mayor información, contáctanos o visítanos en cualquiera de nuestras clínicas en Humble, Katy, The Woodlands, Livingston, o Cleveland, Texas; estaremos encantados de ayudarte.

    Cada corazón tiene su historia… ¿Cuál es la tuya?



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Modern Heart and Vascular, una práctica médica de cardiología preventiva, tiene varias oficinas en Houston. Tenemos ubicaciones en Humble, Cleveland, The Woodlands, Katy y Livingston.

Somos Modern Heart and Vascular Institute, una práctica de cardiología de medicina preventiva y de diagnóstico.

Cada corazón tiene una historia… ¿Cuál es la tuya?

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En el Modern Heart and Vascular Institute, ofrecemos atención cardiovascular de vanguardia con herramientas de diagnóstico innovadoras y atención compasiva al paciente. Nuestra prioridad en Modern Heart and Vascular Institute es la prevención. Ayudamos a los pacientes a llevar vidas más saludables al evitar procedimientos y cirugías innecesarias.

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Este artículo no proporciona consejos médicos. Se pretende unicamente con fines informativos. No es un sustituto del consejo, diagnóstico o tratamiento médico profesional. Si necesita atención cardiovascular, llámenos al 832-644-8930.

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