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Claves Para La Prevención Cardiovascular

clave para la prevencion cardivascular

Prevención Cardiovascular – Cuando los especialistas en cardiología hablan de la prevención de las enfermedades cardiovasculares, suelen referirse a uno de estos tres tipos: prevención secundaria, primaria y primordial. Los tres tipos tienen elementos similares, pero tiempos de inicio y efectos diferentes.

Prevención Cardiovascular Secundaria

People begin taking these preventive measures after suffering a heart attack, stroke, undergoing angioplasty or bypass surgery, or developing some other cardiovascular disease.

This prevention involves taking medications such as aspirin or a specific cholesterol-lowering pill, stopping smoking, losing weight when necessary, doing more exercise or physical activity, and eating a healthy diet.

Although secondary prevention may sound like “covering the well after drowning the child,” it is not. These measures can prevent a second heart attack or stroke, stop the progression of cardiovascular disease, and prevent premature death.

However, although it may be obvious, the main cause of death for people who survive a primary heart attack is a second heart attack.

Prevención Cardiovascular Primaria

La prevención cardiovascular primaria tiene la finalidad de evitar que una persona con riesgo de padecer una enfermedad cardiovascular sufra un primer accidente cerebrovascular o un infarto al miocardio, necesite una intervención quirúrgica o una angioplastia, o desarrolle algún otro tipo de enfermedad cardiovascular.

Por lo tanto, la prevención cardiovascular primaria se dirige a personas que ya han desarrollado factores de riesgo cardiovascular, como el colesterol alto o la hipertensión arterial.

Así como la prevención secundaria, la prevención primaria se centra en el control de estos factores de riesgo mediante cambios en el estilo de vida saludable y, si es necesario, la toma de medicamentos.

Dicho lo anterior, los factores de riesgo cardiovascular problemáticos significan que la inflamación, la aterosclerosis, o la disfunción endotelial ya están actuando y, en la mayoría de los casos, son irreversibles.

Prevención Cardiovascular Fundamental O Primordial

El término primordial o fundamental significa que existe desde los inicios. La prevención fundamental o primordial implica trabajar para evitar que la inflamación, la aterosclerosis, o la disfunción endotelial, o más de una de las anteriores, se impongan, previniendo así factores de riesgo como el colesterol alto, el exceso de peso, la hipertensión arterial y, en última instancia, los eventos cardiovasculares.

La prevención cardiovascular fundamental, de la que antes apenas se hablaba, es ahora la definición que da la American Heart Association sobre la salud cardíaca ideal y los esfuerzos por ayudar a las personas a conseguirla.

Como su nombre lo indica, cuanto antes se empiece a practicar la prevención cardiovascular primordial, idealmente desde la infancia, más probabilidades habrá de lograrla y protegerse de las enfermedades cardiovasculares.

Medidas Claves Para La Prevención De Enfermedades Cardiovasculares

Some key and vital lifestyle measures can dramatically reduce the chances of developing cardiovascular risk factors and, ultimately, cardiovascular diseases:


One of the best ways to take care of your health is not to use tobacco. Tobacco use is a difficult habit to break that can make you sick, slow you down, and shorten your life. One of the reasons why smoking is involved in this situation is because it directly participates in cardiovascular diseases.

Researchers conducted a study with more than one hundred thousand female participants on the relationship between cigarette consumption and quitting smoking, and their mortality over a perspective of more than ten years.

This study showed that approximately 64% of deaths among current smokers and 28% among former smokers are attributed to smoking.

This study also reported that quitting smoking could drastically reduce much of the risk from smoking. Likewise, the additional risk of all-cause mortality, i.e. death from any cause, decreases to the level of a non-smoker twenty years after quitting smoking.

The nicotine released by tobacco products is one of the most addictive substances. For this reason, tobacco consumption is one of the most difficult harmful habits to abandon.

But don’t be discouraged; Many smokers give up cigarettes! In fact, in the United States today, there are more ex-smokers than smokers.

Therefore, it is advisable to inform yourself and learn more about the dangers of tobacco, the benefits of quitting, and tips to quit smoking.


Excess weight and an extra large waist contribute to cardiovascular disease, as well as many other health problems.

In a study of more than a million women, BMI (Body Mass Index) was the decisive risk factor for coronary heart disease. In fact, the incidence of coronary heart disease increases progressively with BMI.

According to several studies, middle-aged women and men who gained eleven to twenty-two pounds after age twenty had up to three times the risk of developing cardiovascular disease than those who gained five pounds or less.

Those who gained more than twenty-two pounds had an even higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Weight and height go hand in hand. For example, if you are taller, you weigh more. Researchers have devised several measures that take weight and height into account. The most commonly used measure is BMI.

You can calculate your BMI by dividing your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared. You can also use a BMI (Body Mass Index) chart or an online BMI calculator.

  • A healthy BMI is less than 25 kg/m².
  • A BMI of 25 to 29.9 kg/m² is considered overweight.
  • A BMI of 30 kg/m² is considered obese.

Waist measurement is also important. In people who are not overweight, waist measurement may be an even more telling warning sign of more important health risks than Body Mass Index (BMI).

National Institutes of Health expert groups identified valuable benchmarks:

Men should aim for a waist that measures less than forty inches (102 cm).

Women should aim to have a waist that measures less than thirty-five inches (88 cm).


Physical activity and exercise are great ways to prevent cardiovascular disease and many other diseases and conditions, but many of us become less active as we age.

Exercising regularly is one of the best practices to benefit your health; exercising reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, osteoporosis, diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain types of cancer.

It may also help manage stress, improve sleep, control weight, improve mood, reduce the risk of falls, and improve cognitive function in older people.

You don’t have to train for a marathon to get real health benefits. A brisk thirty-minute walk at least five days a week will significantly benefit most people. Any amount of physical activity is better than none.

Physical activity and exercise benefit the body, while a sedentary lifestyle does the opposite: it increases the chances of becoming overweight and developing several chronic diseases.

Research shows that individuals who spend more time each day watching TV, sitting, or traveling in a car are at greater risk of developing heart disease and more likely to die prematurely than more active individuals.


For years, research on the connection between diet and cardiovascular disease has focused on individual nutrients such as cholesterol, types of fats, and specific vitamins and minerals.

The best diet to prevent cardiovascular disease is one that consists of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, fish, nuts, poultry, and vegetable oils. It is preferable not to include red and processed meat, refined carbohydrates, soft drinks, foods with added sugar and sodium, and foods with trans fats.

Individuals consistent with this diet had a 31% lower risk of cardiovascular disease, a 33% lower risk of diabetes, and a 20% lower risk of stroke.

Potassium and sodium are interrelated essential minerals that regulate blood pressure and heart health. Therefore, eating less salt and more potassium-rich foods can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Many foods have potassium, especially vegetables, fruits, legumes, and low-fat dairy products. On the contrary, eating foods high in sodium such as processed bread, canned foods, and fast food, and going without potassium, can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.


Many studies show that sleep is an essential component of cardiovascular health.

Sleeping too little or too long is linked to cardiovascular disease and can negatively affect other heart-related risk factors, such as food intake, weight, exercise, inflammation, and blood pressure.

There are several reasons for lack of sleep, such as clinical sleep disorders, night shift work, or poor sleeping habits. It is advisable to talk to your doctor if you have frequent sleepless nights or do not feel sufficiently rested during the day.

Improving sleep habits can make a difference, for example:

  • Establish a sleep schedule and stick to it.
  • Have a relaxing ritual at bedtime, stretch, or meditate.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Restrict the use of electronic devices one hour before bedtime.
  • Avoid heavy meals before going to bed.
  • Avoid excess caffeine and limit alcohol consumption.


It is recommended to learn stress management techniques to deal with it in family and work life. Stress increases hormone levels and inflammation, which can lead to cardiovascular disease.

In addition to these practices, the  American Heart Association  recommends controlling blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure as added factors to improve and maintain cardiovascular health.

Following a healthy lifestyle can prevent more than eighty percent of cardiovascular diseases. Consequently, a healthy lifestyle is a worthwhile investment for a longer, healthier life.

Instituto Modern Heart & Vascular

  • Para una atención cardiovascular integral, comunícate con nosotros al Instituto Modern Heart & Vascular al teléfono 832-644-8930 o en línea. Tenemos citas para el mismo día disponibles para satisfacer las necesidades de nuestros pacientes.

    En estos momentos estamos aceptando la mayoría de los planes de seguro incluyendo los planes comerciales, Medicare, y de reemplazo de Medicare.

    En el Instituto de Modern Heart & Vascular, nos esforzamos por dar prioridad a nuestros pacientes y brindarles todas las respuestas a sus dudas e inquietudes sobre la salud cardiovascular. Para mayor información, contáctanos el día de hoy.

    Cada corazón tiene su historia… ¿Cuál es la tuya?

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Modern Heart and Vascular, una práctica médica de cardiología preventiva, tiene varias oficinas en Houston. Tenemos ubicaciones en Humble, Cleveland, The Woodlands, Katy y Livingston.

Somos Modern Heart and Vascular Institute, una práctica de cardiología de medicina preventiva y de diagnóstico.

Cada corazón tiene una historia… ¿Cuál es la tuya?

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At the Modern Heart and Vascular Institute, we offer cutting-edge cardiovascular care with innovative diagnostic tools and compassionate patient care. Our priority at Modern Heart and Vascular Institute is prevention. We help patients live healthier lives by avoiding unnecessary procedures and surgeries.

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This article does not provide medical advice. It is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. If you need cardiovascular care, call us at 832-644-8930.

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